Building-Integrated Photovoltaic (BIPV) Systems are the key to Near-Zero Energy Buildings or Positive Energy Buildings. Such systems usually come with:
- additional functions such as transparency, solar protection or solar thermal production, thermal insulation, etc.
- additional constraints to the PV modules: operating temperatures, thermo-mechanical stresses, fires, etc.
Furthermore, some products may use bifacial solar cells or tubular devices instead of the conventional flat solar modules.
Defining the additional criteria to be measured and harmonizing the test procedures among the various test facilities in order to improve performance prediction are the main issues addressed regarding this topic.
Three research infrastructures are available to work on BIPV systems:
<media 112 - - "APPLICATION, Sophia RI description CEA INES BIPV, Sophia_RI_description_CEA_INES_BIPV.pdf, 250 KB">BIPV platform</media>
Ten roof test benches (5x7m, tiltable) and four Passys test cells for façade applications
Module characterisation facility
Indoor measurement in a specifically designed simulator
BIPV components characterisation under real conditions of use on the Kubik building